Update: Feds File Criminal Charges Against Jack3d Manufacturer
November 17, 2015 – USPlabs, the Dallas-based company that sold Jack3D and OxyElite Pro, has been charged with 11 counts related to the unlawful sale of dietary supplements, according to USA Today. The U.S. Justice Department announced the indictment today, after a year-long sweep of 117 individuals and companies that were selling products that potentially harmed consumers.
What is Jack3d?
Jack3d is a dietary supplement manufactured by USPLabs, LLC, based in Dallas, Texas. It is marketed online and in retail stores like GNC and Vitamin Shoppe as a pre-workout energy-booster and fat-burning pill or powdered drink-mix. Jack3d has mild stimulant effects, similar to amphetamine or ephedrine. It contains DMAA, which is listed on the ingredient label as “1,3-dimethylamylamine.” Other names for DMAA include “methylhexanamine,” “geranium extract,” and more.
Jack3d and DMAA
For years, USPLabs claimed that DMAA in Jack3d was legally derived from the Asian geranium plant. This claim is based on a study published in 1996 in a non-peer-reviewed Chinese technical journal, and no independent scientists have been able to verify results.
Evidence linking DMAA in Jack3d to a synthetic source is much stronger. Methylhexanamine was first synthesized by Eli Lilly & Co. in the 1940s and sold as a nasal decongestant called Forthane. Medical literature published in the 1950s found that it had stimulant effects in animals. Forthane never took off, and was shelved a few years later.
Fast-forward to the mid-2000s. Methylhexanamine was re-discovered by a chemist named Patrick Arnold, who was convicted of trafficking steroids and “designer drugs” to professional athletes and imprisoned for 3 months for his role in the BALCO sports-doping scandal.
Arnold introduced DMAA under the trademark “Geranamine” in a product called Ergopharm Ergolean AMP soon after ephedrine was banned, according to a Washington Post investigation in 2006. By 2012, DMAA was an ingredient in over 200 bodybuilding supplements, and Jack3d was one of the most popular products.
Military Bans Jack3d
The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) banned Jack3d and other DMAA-containing supplements in 2011. They launched an investigation into the deaths of several soldiers who had cardiac arrests during routine training exercises. In 2013, investigators determined that DMAA did not cause the soldiers’ deaths, but it could have life-threatening safety risks and should remain banned.
FDA Cracks Down on Jack3d
In April 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sent USPLabs and 12 other manufacturers of DMAA supplements Warning Letters after concluding that “synthetically-produced DMAA is not a ‘dietary ingredient’ and, therefore, is not eligible to be used as an active ingredient in a dietary supplement.”
Although most other manufacturers immediately complied with the FDA and took their products off the market, USPLabs fought the FDA for another year. They attempted to convince the FDA that DMAA was an “all-natural” extract of the geranium plant, but the FDA concluded that the “evidence” was contradictory, unreliable, deficient, and inconsistent.
FDA Destroys $8 Million Worth of Jack3d
In July 2013, the FDA published a Consumer Update to announce that “dietary supplements containing DMAA are illegal,” and as a result of legal action by the FDA, USPLabs voluntarily destroyed Jack3d and OxyElite Pro worth an estimated $8 million.
Jack3d Side Effects
Jack3d narrows blood vessels and arteries, which can elevate blood pressure, and may lead to cardiovascular events. The FDA has received 86 adverse event reports involving DMAA, including psychiatric disorders, heart problems, nervous system disorders, and death.
Jack3d side effects:
- Elevated blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Irregular heart rhythm
- Hyperthermia (dangerously elevated body temperature)
- Cardiac arrest
- Heart attack
- Sudden cardiac death
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Nervous system disorders
- Psychiatric disorders
Do I have a Jack3d Class Action Lawsuit?
The Product Liability & Dietary Supplement Litigation Group at our law firm is an experienced team of trial lawyers that focus on the representation of plaintiffs in Jack3d lawsuits. We are handling individual litigation nationwide and currently accepting new cases in all 50 states.
Free Jack3d Lawsuit Evaluation: Again, if you or a loved one was injured by Jack3d, you should contact our law firm immediately. You may be entitled to compensation by joining a Jack3d class action lawsuit, or by filing a Jack3d lawsuit and we can help.